In part 1 of this profile, I gave my own impressions of Conterra and its approach to the market. Now let's hear from the company directly. I had the opportunity to talk with Stephen Leeolou, CEO and Chairman of Conterra Telecom Services. Prior to Conterra, Mr. Leeolou co-founded and acted as COO then CEO of Vanguard Cellular Systems from 1982-1999 until selling it to AT&T for almost $2B.
TR: How has the economic crisis affected Conterra's sales pipeline and the wireless backhaul industry in general?
SL: We have just concluded our best E-rate (K-12 school districts) sales year in company history and our sales pipelines for both our E-Rate and Backhaul businesses remain quite strong and active. We do, however, believe that Conterra and most other telecom transport companies are seeing a drag in the awarding of major new backhaul contracts. We believe this is largely attributable to the recession and its impact on our wireless carrier customers as well as delays in 4G rollouts. However, we believe new backhaul business opportunities remain compelling for those service providers willing and able to be somewhat patient.
TR: Where does Conterra see the greatest demand coming from right now?
SL: In our E-rate business, it is from medium to large size school districts located in remote areas that are underserved or unserved by high-bandwidth, fixed wire transport carriers. In the backhaul business, it is from wireless carriers who need high quality, scalable TDM or Ethernet cellsite connections and are at or approaching the point where the economic crossover from existing copper circuits to fiber or fixed wireless makes sense. Those wireless carriers who are behind the
3G capability and capacity curve are, of course, moving with more haste.
TR: Wireless broadband is frequently talked about for reaching rural areas cost effectively using broadband stimulus funding, what sort of projects does Conterra have in mind to help out?
SL: We are looking into several interesting opportunities but, as you know, the final rules and regulations for doling out the stimulus money are not yet resolved. Also, it is important to keep in mind that the total amount of stimulus money that will actually fund broadband infrastructure projects is relatively small, especially when considering it is to be spread among all 50 states. And, since the stimulus infrastructure money only covers a portion of an approved project's Capex with no ongoing Opex support, it is still to be seen if this program will actually 'move the needle' in creating long-term, viable broadband services in rural America.
TR: What licensed spectrum ranges do you use? Do you hold those licenses or just lease it when you need it?
SL: Conterra almost exclusively leases Part 101, FCC Common Carrier spectrum in the 6,11,18 and 23 GHz frequency ranges. Network topology, distance and performance variables determine which frequencies we utilize within each network we design, build and operate.
TR: How do you see the balance between wireless backhaul and fiber to the tower developing over the next few years?
SL: There are more than 250,000 cell sites in America and, based on the realities of physics and economics, we believe there are tens of thousands of those sites that will not be reachable by fiber connections anytime in the foreseeable future, if ever. Like in Europe and Scandinavia, we believe hybrid, carrier grade networks that seamlessly combine fiber and licensed microwave connections to support ever increasing capacity demands at diminishing costs per megabit will be needed to cover a nation as heavily populated and geographically vast as the U.S. Additionally, these hybrid networks need to be designed to accommodate both TDM and Ethernet transport to match-up with wireless carriers' long term technical plans.
TR: Your main customer bases are wireless carriers and school systems. Do you have any plans to serve the enterprise space?
SL: That would take us into more of a retail versus wholesale customer business plan. Although that is not our plan, as a common carrier, we have an obligation to provide our current service offerings to as many constituents in our service areas as we can, economically. We do today, and will in the future, serve select enterprise customers within some of our existing service areas and we also hope to help support the broadband requirements of municipalities and their public safety and healthcare needs.
TR: What factors are most important to Conterra when choosing new markets to enter? Terrain? Population density? Competitive metro fiber rings?
SL: One simple way to describe our market 'sweet spot' is any community or region where there is a preponderance of satellite TV dishes. This indicates an area that for reasons of terrain, population density and socio-economic factors is likely to be underserved or unserved by last-mile fiber carriers. Generally, the economic advantages of deploying fixed wireless transport are most pronounced in connecting commercial sites that are two miles or farther away from the nearest fiber POP with relatively few homes and businesses along that path.
TR: What is the biggest challenge Conterra faces in 2009?
SL: Balancing the opportunity to grow with the availability and cost of capital. Despite what the banks are saying publicly, I think most of us small business owners know the traditional lending avenues remain largely closed and the resulting increase in the cost of equity can make new
growth counterproductive for a company's ownership. As the great jazz musician Charlie Parker once lamented: 'Romance without finance, ain't worth a damn!' Fortunately, Conterra is cash flow positive and, if we must, can afford to live without some romance for a good while.
TR: Thank you Steve, for taking the time to talk with Telecom Ramblings.